Robert Indiana was born Robert Clark in New Castle, Indiana. His family relocated to Indianapolis, where he graduated from Arsenal Technical High School. He moved to New York City in 1954 and joined the pop art movement, using distinctive imagery drawing on commercial art approaches blended with existentialism, that gradually moved toward what Indiana calls "sculptural poems".
The Tel Aviv Peace
Robert Indiana is an American artist. He was born the 13th September 1928 in New Castle, Indiana. He joined the Pop-Art movement in New York after his graduation from Arsenal Technical High School in Indianapolis. He used some distinctive imagery drawing on commercial art approaches blended with existentialism. He calls that art "sculptural poems".
In 1962, Robert Indiana had his first solo exhibition in Eleanor Ward's Stable Gallery located in New York. Now, Indiana is represented in many museums around the world and count more than 30 solo exhibitions during his career.
He created his famous iconic work LOVE for a Christmas card for the Museum of Modern Art in 1964. It was a great success and later US Postal Service included this artwork on stamps in 1973, it was called the “love stamps” series. Sculptural versions of the love have been installed in many cities around the world like Philadelphia, and NYC. Then he created various versions in different languages like “Amor” in Spanish and “Ahava” (which means love in Hebrew) for the Israel Museum Art Garden in Jerusalem, Israel.
Between 1996 and 1997, Robert Indiana created two different portfolios: The book of Love and The American Dream. They are composed of many Serigraphs and poems written by Robert Creeley.
In 2008, Robert Indiana set up new sculptures and artworks with the word “Hope”. He used the same concept to his Love. This image was famous during the presidential campaign of Barack Obama. The Obama campaign sold T-shirts, pins, bumper stickers, posters, pins and other items adorned with HOPE. Editions of the sculpture have been released and sold internationally and the artist himself has called HOPE "Love's close relative".
Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig - MUMOK, Vienna - Austria
Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo, São Paulo - Brazil
Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BC - Canada
MAMAC - Musee d´Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain Nice, Nice - France
Museum Frieder Burda, Baden-Baden - Germany
Sammlung Alison & Peter W. Klein, Eberdingen-Nussdorf - Germany
Museum Folkwang Essen, Essen - Germany
Museum Kurhaus Kleve, Kleve - Germany
LMO Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte Oldenburg
Prinzenpalais, Oldenburg - Germany
Kunsthalle Weishaupt, Ulm - Germany
Haifa Museum of Art, Haifa - Israel
CAMeC - Centro de Arte Moderna e Contemporanea della Spezia, La Spezia - Italy
Hara Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo - Japan
Tate Britain, London – United Kingdom